Formatting guide

Footnotes - sample


Language Loyalties. A Source Book on the Official English Controversy, ed. J. Crawford, Chicago 1992, p. 53.

S. Ossowski, Więź społeczna a dziedzictwo krwi, Warszawa 1966, p. 119-120.

B. Anderson, Wspólnoty wyobrażone. Rozważania o źródłach i rozprzestrzenianiu się nacjonalizmu, tr. S. Amsterdamski, Kraków–Warszawa 1997.

Platon, Państwo, 488b-489a, tr. W. Witwicki, Kęty 2003, p. 192.

When repeating title:

Ibidem, p. 4. 

C. Schmitt, Teologia polityczna..., p. 39.

Book chapters:

M. Nelson, Person and Office: Presidents, the Presidency, and Foreign Policy, [in:] The Domestic Sources of American Foreign Policy. Insights and Evidence, ed. E. Wittkopf, J. McCormick, Lanham 2004, p. 146.

C. Schmitt, Teologia polityczna. Cztery rozdziały poświęcone nauce o suwerenności, [in:] eadem, Teologia polityczna i inne pisma, tr. M.A. Cichocki, Kraków–Warszawa 2000, p. 33-42.


M. Ghafouri, The Caspian Sea. Rivalry and Cooperation, „Middle East Policy Council" 2008, Vol. 15, nr 2, p. 82.

M. Duszczyk, Projekt Gazpromu i włoskiej ENI wygrywa z Nabucco, „Gazeta Prawna" 2010, 18-20 VI, p. A12.

Online articles:

K. Geropoulos, Putin to Berdimukhamedov: Do You Feel Lucky?, „NewEurope" 2009, 20 IV, [online], 17 VII 2010.

Turkmenistan Opens New Iran Gas Pipeline, BBC News, 6 II 2010, [online], 7 VII 2010.

N. Gibbs, R.N. Ostling, God's Billy Pulpit, 15 XI 1993, [online],9171,979573-1,00.html, 3 I 2010.


A National Security Strategy of Engagement and Enlargement, The White House, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 1995, p. 33.

Traktat ustanawiający Konstytucję dla Europy podpisany w Rzymie 29 października 2004 r., Urząd Komitetu Integracji Europejskiej, Warszawa 2004.

Green Paper on European Transparency Initiative, s. 6, [online], 15 V 2010.

Ustawa z dnia 6 stycznia 2005 r. o mniejszościach narodowych i etnicznych oraz o języku regionalnym, Dz. U. 2005, nr 17, poz. 141.



Citations and DOI

All citations must be italicized



The DOI (Digital Object Identifier) is currently the most important means of confirmation that a given academic article published online is unique, and at the same time it assigns a unique Internet address to the text, ensuring that it cannot be deleted and providing quick access to it, which considerably facilitates work with academic texts. The DOI is usually provided in the header of a given text.

The authors are obliged to cite the DOIs in footnotes and in the reference list.

Example of a footnote featuring a DOI:

a) citation of a journal that has an electronic version:

A. Author, Title of article, “Title of journal" 2012, issue[MU1]  38, p. 23, [online:], doi 10/1012.121.12

b) citation of an internet source:

A. Author, Title of article [online:], doi: 10/1012.123.53

CAUTION: Not all periodicals accessible on the Internet have a DOI assigned to them. The requirement to provide a DOI applies only to those articles and books for which a DOI is available.

Internet content (e.g. articles and books stored in various digital libraries) for which a DOI is not available are to be quoted according to previous principles (see above, “Internet article”).


Bibliography - sample

Bakhtin, Mikhail. Rabelais and his World. Przeł. Helene Iswolsky. Cambridge, MA 1968.

Brooks, Daniel R., Deborah A. McLennan. The Nature of Diversity: An Evolutionary Voyage of Discovery. Chicago 2002.

Comaroff, Jean, John Comaroff, red. Modernity and Its Malcontents. Chicago 1993.

Judt, Tony. Grand Illusion? An Essay on Europe. New York 1996.

———. Reappraisals: Reflections on the Forgotten Twentieth Century. New York 1989.

———, red. Resistance and Revolution in Mediterranean Europe, 1939-1948. New York 2008.

Jellinek, Georg. Constitutional Amendment and Constitutional Transformation. W: Weimar. A Jurisprudence of Crisis, red. Arthur J. Jacobson i Bernhard Schlink. Berkeley-Los Angeles-London 2000.

Novak, William J. The Myth of the ‘Weak' American State. "American Historical Review" 113 (June 2008). doi: 10.1086/ahr.113.3.752.

Olson, Hope A. Codes, Costs and Critiques. "Library Quarterly" 76, nr 1 (2006).

Schwaegermann, Ingrid. Schubert and Beethoven. http// /shubbeet_e.htm.

Werber, Niels, Ahab's Charisma: Captains, Kings and Prophets. „New German Critique" 114 (2001).